Models Of Democracy

Author: David Held
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 0745631479
Size: 75.82 MB
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This new edition combines lucid exposition and clarity of expression with careful scholarship and originality, making it highly attractive both to students and to experts in the field.

Homo Credens

Author: Michael Shermer
Publisher: Nessun Dogma
ISBN: 8898602138
Size: 56.98 MB
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Perché crediamo in quello che crediamo? Perché il nostro cervello ci spinge a farlo. È infatti una sorta di motore di credenze: raccoglie informazioni dai sensi e con naturalezza genera convinzioni che si incanalano in schemi predefiniti e che ci sembrano perfettamente plausibili. Così plausibili che siamo pronti a difenderle a oltranza. Anche quando non lo sono, e anche quando tutti — a partire dagli scienziati — le ritengono estremamente improbabili. Credere in idee improbabili è estremamente probabile! Nessuno può considerarsi immune da questo rischio, che pervade ogni ambito della vita umana: religione, politica, economia… Michael Shermer ci spiega come possano formarsi nella nostra mente tante false credenze. Ma ci indica anche la strada per identificarle, e cercare così di arrivare a comprendere la realtà con cognizione di causa.

Markets Morals Politics

Author: Béla Kapossy
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674985257
Size: 15.15 MB
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When István Hont died in 2013, the world lost a giant of intellectual history. A leader of the Cambridge School of Political Thought, Hont argued passionately for a global-historical approach to political ideas. To better understand the development of liberalism, he looked not only to the works of great thinkers but also to their reception and use amid revolution and interstate competition. His innovative program of study culminated in the landmark 2005 book Jealousy of Trade, which explores the birth of economic nationalism and other social effects of expanding eighteenth-century markets. Markets, Morals, Politics brings together a celebrated cast of Hont’s contemporaries to assess his influence, ideas, and methods. Richard Tuck, John Pocock, John Dunn, Raymond Geuss, Gareth Stedman Jones, Michael Sonenscher, John Robertson, Keith Tribe, Pasquale Pasquino, and Peter N. Miller contribute original essays on themes Hont treated with penetrating insight: the politics of commerce, debt, and luxury; the morality of markets; and economic limits on state power. The authors delve into questions about the relationship between states and markets, politics and economics, through examinations of key Enlightenment and pre-Enlightenment figures in context—Hobbes, Rousseau, Spinoza, and many others. The contributors also add depth to Hont’s lifelong, if sometimes veiled, engagement with Marx. The result is a work of interpretation that does justice to Hont’s influence while developing its own provocative and illuminating arguments. Markets, Morals, Politics will be a valuable companion to readers of Hont and anyone concerned with political economy and the history of ideas.

Deception

Author: Ziyad Marar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317488695
Size: 65.32 MB
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Most of us think we are about 15 per cent cleverer, nicer, more attractive and better drivers than others think we are. It seems deception begins at home. After all the most convincing liars convince themselves first. Sellers and buyers, parents and children, friends and lovers must conceal from each other the unutterable truth that they don't believe or want the same things. In this book, Ziyad Marar throws a revealing light on the many ways deception is woven into the texture of human life: our wiring leaves us easily suckered by persuasive illusions, while our contradictory desires (for sex and honesty, money and kindness, for cake and losing weight) force us to cook up self-serving stories. We manage flattering impressions with effortless skill, while pretending our sins and self-indulgences are beyond our control.Drawing on insights from philosophy, psychology and literature, Marar explores the implications for living well in the shadow of Kant's humbling thought that "out of the crooked timber of humanity, no straight thing was ever made".

As If God Existed

Author: Maurizio Viroli
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400845513
Size: 51.57 MB
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Religion and liberty are often thought to be mutual enemies: if religion has a natural ally, it is authoritarianism--not republicanism or democracy. But in this book, Maurizio Viroli, a leading historian of republican political thought, challenges this conventional wisdom. He argues that political emancipation and the defense of political liberty have always required the self-sacrifice of people with religious sentiments and a religious devotion to liberty. This is particularly the case when liberty is threatened by authoritarianism: the staunchest defenders of liberty are those who feel a deeply religious commitment to it. Viroli makes his case by reconstructing, for the first time, the history of the Italian "religion of liberty," covering its entire span but focusing on three key examples of political emancipation: the free republics of the late Middle Ages, the Risorgimento of the nineteenth century, and the antifascist Resistenza of the twentieth century. In each example, Viroli shows, a religious spirit that regarded moral and political liberty as the highest goods of human life was fundamental to establishing and preserving liberty. He also shows that when this religious sentiment has been corrupted or suffocated, Italians have lost their liberty. This book makes a powerful and provocative contribution to today's debates about the compatibility of religion and republicanism.

14 18 Understanding The Great War

Author: Stéphane Audoin-Rouzeau
Publisher: Hill and Wang
ISBN: 1466887788
Size: 34.82 MB
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With this brilliantly innovative book, reissued for the one-hundredth anniversary of the beginning of the First World War, Stéphane Audoin-Rouzeau and Annette Becker have shown that the Great War was the matrix from which all subsequent disasters of the twentieth century were formed. They identify three often neglected or denied aspects of the conflict that are essential for understanding the war: First, what inspired its unprecedented physical brutality, and what were the effects of tolerating such violence? Second, how did citizens of the belligerent states come to be driven by vehement nationalistic and racist impulses? Third, how did the tens of millions bereaved by the war come to terms with the agonizing pain? With its strikingly original interpretative strength and its wealth of compelling documentary evidence, 14–18: Understanding the Great War has established itself as a classic in the history of modern warfare.